In a report issued on Tuesday, the U.N. health agency recommended the ban on indoor use until it can be proven the exhaled vapor poses no harm to bystanders. It also said countries should take steps to either prohibit or keep advertising of e-cigarette products to a minimum.
E-cigarettes have often been marketed as a healthy alternative to smoking or as an aid to quit smoking. The popular smoking devices have come under fire from government and health officials who say more research is needed about the effects of the vapor.
E-cigarettes are battery-operated devices that imitate real cigarettes but don’t contain tobacco and have a significantly smaller amount of nicotine and other chemicals.
The WHO report said the global market for e-cigarettes is “apparently booming” with $3 billion in sales and more than 400 brands. The rapid growth of the industry and use around the world means more regulation is needed, the Geneva-based agency said.
Additional regulations include minimizing the emissions of toxicants and banning fruit or candy-like flavours until more “evidence shows that they are not attractive to minors.”
Regulation in Canada
Currently there is little regulation of e-cigarette use in Canada, with the latest guidelines from Health Canada being issued in 2009.
Electronic cigarettes fall under the Food and Drugs Act, with the federal health agency advising Canadians not to buy or use the products as they have not been fully evaluated.
In Ontario, Premier Kathleen Wynne says more research on the issue needs to be done before banning electronic cigarettes in areas where smoking is already off-limits.
At the municipal level, cities like Toronto recently voted in favour of banning e-cigarettes from city buildings based on a recommendation from the city’s chief medical officer.
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